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What Causes Sudden Heart Attacks? And How to Prevent Them

 What Causes Sudden Heart Attacks? And How to Prevent Them

Heart disease is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, and sudden heart attacks are a terrifying manifestation of this condition. Understanding the causes and learning how to prevent them is essential for safeguarding one’s health.

Causes of Sudden Heart Attacks

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD): The most common cause of heart attacks, CAD occurs when the coronary arteries become narrowed or blocked. Heart Foundation Australia provides more information on this condition.

High Blood Pressure: This can cause hardening and thickening of the arteries, leading to heart attacks. Blood Pressure Check offers tools and resources specific to Australia.

Smoking: Smoking damages the heart’s blood vessels and reduces oxygen in the blood. The Quitline offers support to Australians looking to give up smoking.

Obesity and Lack of Exercise: Contributing to high blood pressure and cholesterol levels, these factors increase heart attack risks. Learn more about maintaining a healthy weight at Healthy Weight Guide.

Diabetes: More information on diabetes management can be found at Diabetes Australia.

Stress and Mental Health Factors: Emotional stress can trigger heart problems, including heart attacks. Beyond Blue provides mental health support.

Illicit Drug Use: Some drugs can cause coronary artery spasms, leading to heart attacks.

Quit Smoking and Drinking

How to Prevent Sudden Heart Attacks

Healthy Diet: Eat for Health provides Australian dietary guidelines.

Regular Exercise: Check out Fitness Australia for fitness programmes and support.

Avoid Smoking and Excessive Alcohol: Visit Quitline and Alcohol.gov.au for assistance.

Manage Stress: Beyond Blue offers resources for managing stress.

Regular Medical Check-ups: My Health Record allows Australians to track their health information.

Medication: Follow healthcare professionals’ directions and consult NPS MedicineWise for medication information.

Know the Signs: Recognise symptoms of a heart attack and call Triple Zero (000) in an emergency.
Sudden heart attacks are often the result of complex factors. Understanding these can lead to effective prevention strategies. Regular medical check-ups, a healthy lifestyle, and prompt attention to symptoms can make a significant difference in preventing sudden heart attacks in Australia. The provided links offer valuable resources for Australians to take steps to protect their hearts and live healthier, longer lives.

Mitali Sardesai

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